MEDICAL EMERGENCIES

Source: American Heart Association

Don't second guess, always call 911 for assistance.

Hands Only CPR:

Hands only CPR can be as effective as conventional CPR for sudden cardiac arrest.

When a teen or adult has a sudden cardiac arrest, survival depends on immediately getting CPR from someone nearby:

Call 911

Push hard and fast in the center of the chest

Do not be afraid to help as your actions can only help

To Give Conventional CPR:

Call 911- then call AWC Campus Police at 314-9500 or 344-555

Find the notch where lower ribs meet the breastbone. Place the heel of your hand on the breastbone. Place your other hand on top the first.

Position shoulders over hands. Compress chest 15 times using a smooth, even rhythm.

Give two slow breaths.

Do three more sets of 15 compressions and two breaths.

Re-check pulse and breathing for about 5 seconds.

If there is no pulse, continue sets of 15 compressions and 2 breaths.

Continue until medical assistance arrives; or until victim starts breathing and has a pulse.

To Stop Bleeding

Lay the person down and elevate their legs. If possible, elevate the site of the bleeding.

Remove obvious dirt and debris from the wound. Do not remove any objects pierced into victim.

Apply pressure directly on the wound with a sterile bandage, clean cloth or a piece of clothing.

Maintain pressure until bleeding stops then bind wound with dressing or cloth.

If bleeding continues and seeps through bandage, do not remove bandage, but add more absorbent material on top of it.

If bleeding continues, apply pressure to major artery that delivers blood to that area.

Immobilize the injured body part once bleeding has stopped. Leave bandages in place and seek medical assistance as soon as possible.

Heat-Related Illness:

Get the victim to a shady place or an air conditioned place.

Loosen tight clothing.

Apply cool, wet clothes to the skin.

Fan the victim.

If the victim is conscious, give cool (not cold) water to drink.

Call 911 if the victim refuses water, vomits, or loses consciousness.

Abdominal Trusts for Chocking Victim:

Get behind the victim. Wrap your arms around the person’s waist, just above their navel.

Clasp your hands together in a double fist.

Press in and up in quick thrusts (be careful not to exert pressure against the victims rib cage with forearms).

Repeat procedure until chocking stops.

Health Services or other trained personnel may render assistance until relieved by the emergency responders.